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澳大利亚基本概况

发布时间:2010-04-12 阅读次数:1012

国名:澳大利亚联邦(Commonwealth of Australia)

首都: 堪培拉 

面积: 7,682,300.00 平方公里 

人口: 2112万人(2007年10月)

语言: 英语,土著语言,澳大利亚的官方语言是英语。

货币: 澳元 

民族: 英国及其他欧洲国家移民后裔占95.2%,亚洲人占1.3%,土著民族占1.5%,其它民族占2%。 

宗教: 25%的国民没有宗教信仰,圣公会教徒占21%,罗马天主教教徒占27%,其他基督教教派占21%,其他宗教信仰者占6%。 

国家象征

国旗:旗地为深蓝色,国旗的左上角为英国国旗图案,表明澳大利亚与英国的传统关系。下面为一颗较大的白色七角星,象征组成澳大利亚联邦的六个州和联邦政府。旗地右边为五颗白色的星,其中一颗小星为五角,其余均为七角。五颗小星代表南十字星座(澳大利亚能看得最清楚的星座)。 

 

国徽:澳大利亚国徽左边是袋鼠,右边是鸸鹋,这两种动物均为澳大利亚所特有,中间是一个盾,盾面上有六组图案分别象征国家的六个州。红色的圣乔治十字形(十字上有一只狮子、四颗星),象征新南威尔士州;王冠下的南十字形星座代表维多利亚州;蓝色的十字形代表昆士兰州;伯劳鸟代表南澳大利亚州;黑天鹅象征西澳大利亚州;红色狮子象征塔斯马尼亚州。盾形上方为一枚七角星,象征组成澳大利亚联邦的六个州和联邦政府,底部的 绶 带上有英文的“澳大利亚”。 

国庆日:1月26日(1788年) 

国花:金合欢 (Golden wattle, 拉丁文学名:Acacia pycnantha)

 

澳大利亚外交部透过其官方网站声明,澳大利亚至今(2007年)并无任何官方认可的国树、国鸟或国兽。澳大利亚政府是晚至1988年8月才宣布金合欢为国花,至今为止并没有作为国家象征的动物和鸟类。

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